More recently, Kinsfogel and Grych found that the frequency and number of friends who engaged in dating violence was associated with self-reported dating violence. No direct effects were found between beliefs supporting reactive or proactive aggression and dating aggression. Further, this study did not assess sexual dating violence, which is an important aspect of teen dating violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.
This protective role may operate either by daughters using their parents for emotional support or by parents teaching their daughter effective prosocial problem-solving skills. Thus, poverty coupled with living in an urban area is likely a better indicator of exposure to crime and environmental risk than poverty alone. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.
Finally, gender moderated the interaction between peer deviancy and parent support for nonaggressive solutions. Taking stock of behavioral measures of adolescent dating violence. Such precursors may operate differently for different subsets of adolescents whose sex and environmental risk create different contexts from which they approach relationships. Journal of Abnormal Psychology.
Dating aggression occurs frequently in early to mid-adolescence and has negative repercussions for psychosocial adjustment and physical health. Girls also reported higher rates of perpetration of both physical and psychological aggression than boys. Peer rejection and aggression and early starter models of conduct disorder. Dating violence and suicidal behavior in adolescents. Prevalence of partner violence in same-sex romantic and sexual relationships in a national sample of adolescents.
- Additionally, family members participated in videotaped dyadic interactions.
- Parent support for aggressive solutions as a moderator of the effect of peer deviancy on physical dating violence.
- The development of four types of adolescent dating abuse and selected demographic correlates.
Dating Abuse Prevalence Consequences and Predictors
The results also suggest considerable overlap with the same predictors of violence in general at this age period. Gender differences in the longitudinal predictors of dating violence. This study examined parenting and peer predictors of physical dating violence perpetration during early adolescence and tested moderation among these predictors and gender.
An operational classification of disease prevention. The effective prevention of dating aggression across a diversity of adolescent populations is critical to the prevention of intimate partner violence across the lifespan. Efficacy of a dating violence prevention program on attitudes justifying aggression. Development and Psychopathology.
To test our next question, the model included the three parenting factors, peer deviance, and three interaction terms for each of the parenting factors by peer deviancy. More recent research suggests that high levels of support for autonomy may not always predict positive outcomes for all adolescents Allen, et al. Gender as a moderator of the interaction of parent support for nonaggressive solutions by peer deviancy, reported separately for girls and boys.
The rate of cyber dating abuse among teens and how it relates to other forms of teen dating violence. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. Longitudinal relationships between individual and class norms supporting dating violence and perpetration of dating violence. Physical dating aggression growth during adolescence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Dating Abuse Prevalence Consequences and Predictors
Journal of the American Medical Association. Minority adolescents demonstrated fewer behaviors both supporting and inhibiting autonomy and fewer behaviors supporting relatedness in their interaction tasks than their Caucasian counterparts. Means and standard deviations were calculated for each independent and dependent variable for the entire sample and for each group defined by the moderator variables examined in this study.
First, the data were cross-sectional, which limits how differential influence of variables or any causal inferences can be inferred. The longitudinal association of adolescent dating violence with psychiatric disorders and functioning. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Handbook of attachment theory and research and clinical applications. Developmental approaches to understanding adolescent deviance.
The intensification of gender-related role expectations during early adolescence. Peers, drug use, and delinquency. We then conducted four multiple group model tests where the effect for each of the variables was constrained to be equivalent across gender, resulting in a one degree of freedom test. The role of gender and adolescent dating violence is complex. Students received a small incentive for returning the consent form, best the regardless of consent status e.
Future directions in emotion dysregulation and youth psychopathology. Active parent consent and student assent were obtained for all participants. Gender-specific pathways between maternal depression symptoms, family discord, and adolescent adjustment.
- Most items were taken directly from an existing measure Foshee et al.
- An additional limitation is that the study did not examine ethnicity as a potential moderator of predictive associations.
- Clinical Psychology Review.
The effect of poor parenting on male and female dating violence perpetration and victimization. Predicting adolescent dating violence perpetration role of exposure to intimate partner violence and parenting practices. All authors have given approval for this version to be published. Both boys and girls who had more deviant friends reported more physical aggression towards their dating partner. Further investigation is needed into potential differences in the meaning of aggression and the reasons for use of aggression among different groups of adolescents.
Gender differences in risk behaviors among adolescents who experience date fighting. Direct and indirect effects of neighborhood characteristics on the perpetration of dating violence across adolescence. The development of romantic relationships in adolescence pp. Factors associated with abusive relationships among maltreated and nonmaltreated youth.
The effect of emotion regulation strategies on anger. Although these gendered findings are consistent with results from other adolescent samples Avery-Leaf et al. Strengths and Limitations This study contributes to the literatures on the development of autonomy and relatedness and on adolescent dating aggression.
However, among boys, perceived parent support for nonaggressive solutions did not moderate the effect of peer deviancy on physical dating violence. Intervening at this age may prove to be beneficial in altering maladaptive behaviors before they become more intractable. Student data were collected in small groups via a computer-assisted survey instrument using laptop computers. Accordingly, there are limitations in the extent to which these results can go beyond suggesting relations worthy of further study. Mixed-sex settings and the perception of competence.